For pregnancy termination early within 9 weeks of gestation, you can undergo medication abortion by using FDA-approved Mifepristone 200mg and Misoprostol 200mcg x 4 pills. These medicines together can successfully evict the pregnancy parts from the uterus. They are also available under different brand names. For instance, Mifepristone is anti-progesterone and goes by the brand name Mifeprex and Generic RU486. Misoprostol goes by the brand name Cytolog and Cytotec. Both of these pills also come in one pack, called the MTP Kit.
In this post, we will talk about the working of these medicines, and how you can use them to get over an unintended pregnancy.
How to Take the Abortion Pills?
On day 1, start with an oral intake of Mifepristone 200mg. Then after 24 to 48 hours, you need to begin with Misoprostol administration by putting each pill inside the vagina and resting for half an hour. During this time, the pills will melt and effortlessly get absorbed into the uterus. Or, you can also use the abortion pill buccally by putting two pills together at both sides of the cheek pouches. Here, the medicine will dissolve and you can take the remains orally with a sip of water.
How Do the Pills End the Pregnancy?
Mifepristone separates the embryo from the uterus wall by blocking progesterone, which is an essential hormone required for the survival of pregnancy. This abortion pill does away with the implantation. But it does not evict the pregnancy portions yet from the body.
Instead, Misoprostol does the needful by causing uterine contractions and removing the products of the pregnancy through heavy vaginal bleeding. For easy passing out of the pregnancy parts, the medicine also widens the cervical opening.
Which Effects Occur During Medical Abortion?
As understood, uterine contractions push the pregnancy contents out of the vagina. But this can lead to cramps and lower abdomen pain. For the pain, you can consume a painkiller. And even apply a hot water bag or heating pad on the aching points. For heavy bleeding, do not put menstrual cups or tampons in the vaginal canal. But you must use large sanitary napkins instead. The cramps go away as and when the uterus empties.
What Should You Be Careful About?
It is advisable not to drink alcohol, use any intoxicating substance, or take grapefruit juice during the procedure. Do remember that medication abortion may cause a few side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, and tiredness. For nausea, you can consume an antiemetic medicine. Also, drink a sufficient amount of water to stay hydrated and fight water loss that happens during diarrhea. Sleep well and do not work out or engage in physically or mentally strenuous tasks.
Medication abortion is one of the safest methods to terminate an early pregnancy. You can order the pills at home by purchasing them on the internet and self-administer the medication successfully. So, if you are worried about your unplanned pregnancy, you can always take abortion pills.