Before we move onto explaining the process and educating women about the medical termination of pregnancy, you must reach the following criteria for women wanting to end their pregnancy with the help of MTP kit. Are you eligible for a medical abortion?
There are various factors come into play before taking the medical abortion decision.
- Medical abortion is for women with 8-10 weeks of pregnancy. Ensure that the gestation of your unwanted pregnancy does not cross 10 weeks.
- You must reconfirm that you are not allergic to any of the abortion pill elements.
- There is no simultaneous medication going on.
- Your age is more than 18 years.
- You have consulted a doctor and hold a prescription to buy abortion pills.
What is medical abortion?
Medical abortion, often known as pill-induced pregnancy termination is essentially performed through two pills. Mifepristone and Misoprostol. The two tablets make hormonal changes in the body and expel pregnancy tissues from the body. We’ll see how both the tablets work.
In the drug combination, physicians typically prescribe 1 tablet of 200 mg Mifepristone which they tell you to take orally with water. Administer the pill as soon as you receive it.
It works against a type of hormone which causes pregnancy growth. By stopping the growth of the pregnancy, it becomes easier to expel the tissues from the uterine lining.
There are no immediate effects of Mifepristone. However, this does not mean that the pill isn’t working. One must be patient and take the second pill after 24 hours. In rare cases, women begin bleeding or suspect spotting after taking Mifepristone. You must continue the procedure even after experiencing bleeding on the first day of medication.
A day after taking Mifepristone, Misoprostol pills are administered. For a pregnancy up to 56 days, physicians advise 4 Misoprostol tablets ( 200 mcg each). Though there are 2 methods of administering the pill, a Vaginal method is a safer one as per the experts. We’ll see both methods in the following explanation:
In the buccal administration, you must place the pills in both cheek pouches. You cannot swallow the pills until 30 minutes.
In the vaginal method, you have to carefully place the tablets in the vagina. Women prefer squatting or standing one leg to insert the tablets in the vagina and then push them with their index finger.
Constituents of the pills work on the uterine lining and contract them to remove fetal tissues. You may suspect cramps which can be similar to menstrual periods depending on the body type and pregnancy gestation. Similar is the case with vaginal bleeding which lasts up to a week.
The side effects of medical pregnancy termination are not as intense as in the case with other methods of abortion. A migraine, vomiting, nausea, mild fever some of the side effects which get treated eventually and does not require special medication. Although it rarely occurs, you must consult a doctor if the case is extreme.
The procedure ends in a week or two, following which women can confirm their pregnancy status through a trusted pregnancy checking method. Women must educate themselves about the medical termination of pregnancy and most importantly, measures that can be taken to prevent such unwanted pregnancy situation.